Azad Hind Fauz led by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forced British forces to quit India. The Times of India, then wrote that the popularity, glory and reputation Azad Hind Fauz earned in British India was unprecedented. The philos- ophy of Azad Hind Fauz cast deep impression on Indian forces. The forces were then, the slave of British rule but due to the war policy of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Indian forces were no more committed and allegiance to the then rulers. Even after being defeated in the battle field, Netaji had firm belief that Azad Hind Fauz would cast indelible impression on Indian forces.
Netaji had firm belief that after the conclusion of the world war, when the jawans of Azad Hind Fauz would return back to India and meet their counter parts in Indian Army, their (Indian army) loyalty and devoutness towards British Government would affect. In 1845 Netaji, to his lieutenants said that even after the surrender of Azad Hind Fauz before Indian Army or being held by the army of friendly nation the objective of the armed battle would be served.
"The ideals of Azad Hind Fauz had deep marks on the Indian army. They were deeply impressed with their discipline and rules. The fight which Azad Hind Fauz took against British Force was big lesson to Indian Army"
The lieutenants of Netaji could not understand that after disbandment of the force, how could it realize its dreams? But what happened later, proved Netaji's prediction right. In 1945-46 due to the charges framed before the army court of Azad Hind Fauz, ripples generated in the nation making it virtually impossible to feel Indian forces the heat.
The members of Indian Army had, themselves seen the total organized and disciplined Azad Hind Fauz members fighting in the wars in Southern-East regions as an independent army with due courage and bravery. When Japanese forces deserted Rangoon, 6,000 Fauz jawans, under the leadership of Colonel Arshad maintained total peace and order. They did not allow anti-social elements to loot or arson. Under the leadership of Brigadier KS Thimaiyya, the Indian forces entered the city and were surprised to see the discipline and the order of the force and the competence with which, they had maintained the peace of the city.
Basically the jawans of Azad Hind Fauz and Indian Army had many similarities and even many of them belonged to same place and even same family.
"Subhash Chandra Bose had decided to dilute the commitment of Indian sepoys towards British Government. He presented such an example that the Indian forces stood for their rights"
Thus, when the jawans of Azad Hind Fauz surrendered before the Indian Army, it was very difficult to stop them from establishing rapport mutually. When the Indian Army occupied Southern-East part, then they came in touch with the Indians. These Indians were influenced by the nationalistic and patriotism as preached by Netaji. The Indian community had deep impact of the wonderful personality of Netaji.After the surrender of Japan and occupancy of the forces of friendly nations on Malaya, Thailand and Singapore, there was a little gap. And in this period, total instability and confusion prevailed. Though, the leaders of Indian Independence League were not arrested. Hence under their guidance, the underground leaders publicized nationalistic sentiments among the Indian soldiers in British army.
The speeches of Netaji, his cutouts, pictures were circulated in large number among Indian jawans. The Indian forces continued for one year. And in the period, they were much friendly with the Azad Hind Force members and had immense devotion and reverence towards Netaji. The Indian forces also felt that they were seen with hatred and enmity. The people of South-East consider them as slaves of British forces, who terrorize Asians. But they had great reverence for Azad Hind Fauz. All these factors had their impact on the jawans of Indian Army and their dedication towards British rulers was shaken. And when the time for the hearing in Lal Quila against the fauz members reached, Royal Air Force expressed their sentiments in favour of Azad Hind Fauz members. The jawans of Indian Air Force collected donations to help out the brave soldiers of Azad Hind Fauz.
The jawans of the IAF sent message to the Bengal Congress Committee and not only appreciated the model of the force but also praised their activities. The Air Force jawans also protested against the court martial of the brave members ofAzad Hind Fauz. Thereafter a wave of sympathy in favour of the Azad Hind Fauz blew and the strong sentiments in favour of the Azad Hind Fauz compelled the Government to change its policy. The chief Captain of the British force wrote to his superiors that the Indian force is happy with the release of the members of the Azad Hind Fauz. Had efforts been made to make the punishment granted to them by the court, there was probability of total anarchy prevailing. Even there was threat of division in the force after revolt.
In fact the situation had turned volatile. After the strike of the Royale Air Force in January 1946, the Royale Indian Air Force too went on strike. Besides other demands, one of the demands was to discharge the members of Azad Hind Fauz patriots. In February 1946 Royale Indian Navy revolted. The Navy jawans revolted everywhere including Bombay, Karachi, Madras, Calcutta, Coachin, Vishakhapatnam, Mandapam and Andaman. Only 10 naval ships could escape from the revolt and on rest of the ships, the occupants stood against the Government.
The Army revolt had scared British Government and Indian Government. The Englishmen understood that Indians are too annoyed with their presence now and had they not leave the country; they would be forced to move out. Previously, the British Government kept saying that when Congress and Muslim League would reach some consensus, then only something could happen. But after this revolt, they understood that it is better to quit India as soon as possible.
Thus, it was the miracle of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and his Azad Hind Fauz that Britishers were forced to move out of the country. British Government for amicably moving out sent Mountbatten to plan moving out of the country.
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